# The role of redundancy in language and language teaching (2022)

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## System

Volume 7, Issue 1,

March 1979

, Pages 47-59

(Video) Redundancy in Language

## Abstract

Redundancy exists at all levels of language: from phonemes and spelling, words and affixes, through syntax, semantics, and discourse. It exists in the reciprocity of linguistic, kinesic, and situational channels of communication. This paper illustrates the operation of redundancy at the various levels and in different communication channels. It examines the significance of redundancy in language learning and offers several exercises that help students develop the ability to utilize redundancy in learning a foreign language.

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• ## Cited by (4)

• Language in and out of society: Converging critiques of the Labovian paradigm

2019, Language and Communication

What separates classical variationism from recent ‘social-semiotic’ approaches is its commitment to clearly distinguishable linguistic and social spheres. This distinction, as argued in this paper, is constructed through a juxtaposition of a social patterning of linguistic factors, and other social factors, which, when narrowly construed as changes from above, hinge on the conscious awareness of a linguistic feature. Recently, such a dichotomy has been called into question, since sociolinguists have begun theorising social meaningfulness as a more complex phenomenon that goes beyond the traditional ‘unconscious/conscious’ dichotomy that seems to underlie such a distinction. Giving up this dichotomy inevitably challenges the whole ‘narrow interface between language and society’ that underlies the orthodox Labovian framework, representing an ontological breach with important consequences.

• ### Oral English Proficiency Tests, Interpretive Labor, and the Neoliberal University

2022, Journal of Linguistic Anthropology

(Video) Explaining redundancy in linguistic morphology: Evidence from Yam and Kartvelian
• ### A cognitive approach to readability

2019, New Essays in Technical and Scientific Communication: Research, Theory, Practice

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The 148 included articles were accessed on average 691 times up publication, and each was cited on average 33 times in 1999–2004, 32 times in 2004–2009, and 26 times in 2009–2014. The logarithm of accesses predicted the logarithm of citations for all three subsequent periods, but the association weakened over time (correlation with citations in 1999–2004: 0.54, 2004–2009: 0.49, 2009–2014: 0.39; all P<0.001). In addition to online accesses, the presence of an abstract also predicted more citations for all periods.

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We are given a set of jobs, each one specified by its release date, its deadline and its processing volume (work), and a single (or a set of) speed-scalable processor(s). We adopt the standard model in speed-scaling in which if a processor runs at speed $s$ then the energy consumption is ${s}^{\alpha }$ units of energy per time unit, where $\alpha >1$ is a small constant. Our goal is to find a schedule respecting the release dates and the deadlines of the jobs so that the total energy consumption to be minimized. While most previous works have studied the preemptive case of the problem, where a job may be interrupted and resumed later, we focus on the non-preemptive case where once a job starts its execution, it has to continue until its completion without any interruption. As the preemptive case is known to be polynomially solvable for both the single-processor and the multiprocessor case, we explore the idea of transforming an optimal preemptive schedule to a non-preemptive one. We prove that the preemptive optimal solution does not preserve enough of the structure of the non-preemptive optimal solution, and more precisely that the ratio between the energy consumption of an optimal non-preemptive schedule and the energy consumption of an optimal preemptive schedule can be very large even for the single-processor case. Then, we focus on some interesting families of instances: (i) equal-work jobs on a single-processor, and (ii) agreeable instances in the multiprocessor case. In both cases, we propose constant factor approximation algorithms. In the latter case, our algorithm improves the best known algorithm of the literature. Finally, we propose a (non-constant factor) approximation algorithm for general instances in the multiprocessor case.

(Video) Redundancy Coaching Couch 4:Redundancy and Language
View full text

Copyright © 1979 Published by Elsevier Ltd.

## FAQs

### How redundant is the English language? ›

This suggests approximately a 69 % redundancy in the English language. Say we reproduce only those letters which were guessed wrong, 31 %. Then we may, by cloning the subject who guessed from scratch, get back the original sentence.

### What is redundancy explain with example? ›

Redundancy is when we use two or more words together that mean the same thing, for example, 'adequate enough'. We also say something is redundant when a modifier's meaning is contained in the word it modifies, for example, 'merge together'. When we write, we should try to be as clear and concise as we can be.

### What is redundancy in speech? ›

Redundancy is the repetition of a word or phrase that does not add anything to the previous meaning; it just restates what has already been said.

### What are the main communicative functions of redundancy? ›

As we have seen, the two main functions of redundancy are the reduction of error and helping achieve the optimal flow of information. These factors are critical in our native language, where inattention, difficult communication conditions - what have you - can reduce the clarity of the message.

### Why is redundancy important in English? ›

Redundancies are unnecessary, repetitious words.

They may appear before and after the main word. They make your communication longer, but not better. To improve your English, read through the list of common redundancies below and mark the ones you are familiar with. You may be surprised at how many you have been using!

### What are the types of redundancy? ›

The types of redundancy
• Compulsory redundancy: It has two forms—staff reductions or a business shutting down entirely. Either way, it's an essential requirement to keep your business operating and must go ahead.
• Voluntary redundancy: Where you offer employees the chance to volunteer for dismissal.

### What is called redundancy? ›

Redundancy is a system design in which a component is duplicated so if it fails there will be a backup. Redundancy has a negative connotation when the duplication is unnecessary or is simply the result of poor planning.

### What is the role of redundancy in sentence formation? ›

Redundancy means repetition of the same meaningful words in a single sentence. It is an unnecessary part of the sentence structure. The use of redundant words or phrases in a sentence may harm the beauty of the structure of the sentence.

### Which is an example of the redundant word? ›

A redundant expression is a group of two or more words that repeat the same idea. Here are examples of redundant expressions: brief summary, repeat again, return back, current trend, few in number, absolutely essential, twelve noon, twelve midnight. One word in each of the phrases is unnecessary.

### How redundancy is a barrier to communication? ›

communications failure

version of the communication process, redundancy—the repetition of elements within a message that prevents the failure of communication of information—is the greatest antidote to entropy. Most written and spoken languages, for example, are roughly half-redundant.

### How do you avoid redundancy in speaking? ›

Tips on avoiding redundancy
1. Emphasize with care. ...
2. Don't say the same thing twice, e.g. 'completely eliminate', 'end result', 'basic essentials'.
3. Avoid double negatives, e.g. 'not unlikely', 'not insignificant'.
4. Be precise, not vague, e.g. use specific numbers instead of 'many', 'a number of', 'several', etc.
Nov 12, 2021

### What do you mean by redundancy how this can be avoided? ›

For example, you moved your customer data into a new database but forgot to delete the same from the old one. In such a scenario, you will have the same data sitting in two places, just taking up the storage space. To reduce data redundancy, always delete databases that are no longer required.

### Is redundancy a grammatical error? ›

What is Redundancy? Redundancy means that the same data has been repeated twice, but just by using different words. The sentences which have redundant data don't necessarily mean are grammatically incorrect, but they have unnecessary words, which need to be avoided at all costs.

### Is redundancy a grammatical error? ›

What is Redundancy? Redundancy means that the same data has been repeated twice, but just by using different words. The sentences which have redundant data don't necessarily mean are grammatically incorrect, but they have unnecessary words, which need to be avoided at all costs.

### How redundancy is a barrier to communication? ›

communications failure

version of the communication process, redundancy—the repetition of elements within a message that prevents the failure of communication of information—is the greatest antidote to entropy. Most written and spoken languages, for example, are roughly half-redundant.

### What's the difference between tautology and redundancy? ›

Redundancy is any kind of repetition: phrases, sentences, paragraphs, entire books, it's all the same; the scale isn't important. Show activity on this post. A tautology refers to phrasing that repeats a single meaning in identical words: They followed each other one after the other in succession.

### What is redundant writing? ›

Redundancy occurs when a writer unnecessarily repeats something. Writers should avoid. redundancy not only because it distracts and annoys readers but also because it adds unnecessary. length to one's writing. Eliminating redundancy is a good way to revise your writing for.

## Videos

1. ACT English - Redundancy Part 1 of 3
(TAPAprep)
2. Redundant Phrases in English | Taj The Teacher
(Tajee Reid Williams)
3. Redundancy & Tautology 33
(Heather Davis)
4. REMOVING UNNECESSARY WORDS/ REDUNDANCY(Email Marketing Online Business/)
(Csec English with Ms.Skeene)
5. Redundancy in English
(नमस्ते English by HinKhoj)
6. Redundancy in Written Language
(Wolfram Demonstrations Project)

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