The Application of Visual Vocabulary for ESL Students’ Vocabulary Learning – AWEJ (2023)

Arab World English Journal (AWEJ) Volume 11. Number2 June 2020 Pp.323-338

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The Application of Visual Vocabulary for ESL Students’ Vocabulary Learning

Mohd Haniff Mohd Tahir
Department of English Language and Linguistics, APB
Universiti Teknologi MARA (UiTM) Perak Branch, Perak, Malaysia

Intan Safinas Mohd Ariff Albakri
Faculty of Languages and Communication
Universiti Pendidikan Sultan Idris (UPSI), Perak, Malaysia

Airil Haimi Mohd Adnan
Department of English Language and Linguistics, APB
Universiti Teknologi MARA (UiTM) Perak Branch, Perak, Malaysia

Mohamad Syafiq Ya Shaq
Department of English Language and Linguistics, APB
Universiti Teknologi MARA (UiTM) Perak Branch, Perak, Malaysia

Dianna Suzieanna Mohamad Shah
Department of English Language and Linguistics, APB
Universiti Teknologi MARA (UiTM) Perak Branch, Perak, Malaysia

Vocabulary is often neglected despite being one of the most crucial aspects of language acquisition. Due to the lack of emphasis on vocabulary learning, ESL students have issues in learning the English language effectively, which resulted in low-level language proficiency. Hence, this paper attempts to address this problem by introducing Visual Vocabulary to learn the target words. The main research question: How effective is the use of the Visual Vocabulary to learn vocabulary for Form Two learners? To investigate the effectiveness of the use of the Visual Vocabulary, 60 students of Form Two from sub-urban schools in Ipoh and Teluk Intan, Perak, were selected. These students were instructed to learn a total of 45 target words and Visual Vocabulary was applied to assist them to learn and simultaneously understand the meaning of the target words. The independent sample t-test, paired sample t-test, and descriptive statistics were used to analyze the scores of the pre and post-tests. The score comparison and total improvement score in percentage were also presented. The paired sample t-test results are (t=-17.85, df=29, p<.05) for the experimental group and (t=-4.85, df=29, p<.05) for the control group. Based on the stated results, both experimental and control groups improved significantly (p=.000*) in the post-test with a mean difference of 15.62. The results of this study confirm the effectiveness of Visual Vocabulary in learning and understanding the target words. This approach is proven to increase the success rate of vocabulary learning among ESL learners.
Keywords:Visual Vocabulary, vocabulary learning, ESL students

Cite asTahir, M. H. M., Albakri, I. S. M. A., Adnan, A. H. M., Shaq, M. S. Y.& Shah, D. S. M. (2020). The Application of Visual Vocabulary for ESL Students’ Vocabulary Learning.Arab World English Journal,11(2) 323-338 .

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How do visuals help with vocabulary? ›

As a speech-language pathologist who often incorporates vocabulary goals into her sessions, visuals are an important component of vocabulary learning particularly for students with language disorders. Visuals take away the language component that would normally be associated with a word and its definition.

Which visual techniques can be used in teaching vocabulary? ›

Some Ways to Help Students Learn Vocabulary, Visually:

Have students make their own flashcards by looking up vocabulary words online and finding pictures that show the definitions. Ask them to print the picture, glue it on a card, and write a silly sentence under the picture to help them remember the word.

What are visuals and vocabulary? ›

A Visual Vocabulary is a representative list of images that fit a certain set of criteria. In other words, hundreds of thousands of images can automatically be distilled down to a representative set of images that can be used to quickly search the entire inventory of images.

Why are visuals good for ESL students? ›

Visual aids used in the classroom are essential for English language learners. Visual aids provide a different form of explanation, and provides the students with information that they may not have understood if it was presented to them in written or spoken form.

How do visuals help ESL students? ›

Why Use Visual Aids in the ESL classroom? Many ELLs have a more robust understanding of the subject matter than their existing English language proficiency might reflect. The use of visual aids and multimedia can build ELLs' self-confidence by helping them absorb the content and become interactive in the classroom.

What are the current techniques and methods that can be used to improve vocabulary? ›

10 Ways To Improve Your English Vocabulary
  • Keep a personal dictionary. To kick off the list, we're going old-school. ...
  • Repeat, repeat, repeat. Repetitio est mater studiorum. ...
  • Make each new word meaningful. ...
  • Read. ...
  • Analyze vocabulary in context. ...
  • Make observations. ...
  • Make use of games and apps. ...
  • Actively use what you learn.
Aug 10, 2017

What are the 5 vocabulary strategies? ›

Here are five vocabulary instruction strategies to use with elementary students.
  • Word Detective. The most valuable thing that you can do to increase your students' vocabulary is to encourage them to read. ...
  • Semantic Maps. ...
  • Word Wizard. ...
  • Concept Cube. ...
  • Word Connect.
Oct 15, 2019

How do you teach vocabulary in ESL classroom? ›

How to Teach Vocabulary to ESL Students
  1. Brainstorming on a topic is a great way to get started.
  2. Context makes learning easier and better.
  3. Teach relevant vocabulary.
  4. Encourage your students to keep a notebook.
  5. What's another way to say?
  6. It's not only about the content but also the way you teach.
  7. Make content more appealing.
Oct 16, 2020

What is the most widely used method for teaching vocabulary in ESL? ›

Communicative language teaching is perhaps the most popular approach among the methods of teaching ESL today. CLT emphasizes the students' ability to communicate in real-life contexts, and students learn to make requests, accept offers, explain things, and express their feelings and preferences.

What is ESL vocabulary? ›

ESL New Year Vocabulary. Your ESL vocabulary is the basic building block used when you speak. If you do not know the correct word in English you will not be able to have a conversation or write an essay. So one of the most important areas when learning English is to increase your vocabulary.

What is visual communication explain with example? ›

Visual communication is the practice of using visual elements to communicate information or ideas. Types of visual communication include animated GIFs, screenshots, videos, pie charts, infographics, and slide deck presentations. Getting your message across in a clear, concise way can be difficult with words alone.

How can I teach vocabulary with pictures? ›

Draw their own pictures!

Given the chance, students will visualize their own pictures to go along with the meaning of a vocabulary word. Start with a kid-friendly definition and then challenge students to orally produce a sentence that includes the word.

How do visuals help students? ›

Most teachers understand the power of visual aids in helping students grasp content. Teachers value the support that visuals lend to classroom instruction because they encourage students to make associations between pieces of information, soak up chunks of course content quickly, and function as a memory aid.

Which is the most important visual aid in class teaching? ›

Educational charts are another effective visual aid for learning. If you need to convey data and what it means to students, these charts are effective at helping students comprehend the information.

What are the visuals that can be used to practice grammar? ›

7 Easy ESL Visual Aids You Can Use Immediately
  • Pictures. Pictures are great for presenting many nouns, adjectives and simple sentence patterns. ...
  • Timelines. ...
  • Charts and Graphs. ...
  • FluentU. ...
  • Opposites. ...
  • Gap Fills. ...
  • Realia.
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How do pictures help with vocabulary? ›

The use of pictures helps visual learners to remember the word, meaning, and sometimes context--all of which can help students to better understand when reading.

How can I teach vocabulary with pictures? ›

Draw their own pictures!

Given the chance, students will visualize their own pictures to go along with the meaning of a vocabulary word. Start with a kid-friendly definition and then challenge students to orally produce a sentence that includes the word.

Is a video a visual aid? ›

Visual aids are items of a visual manner, such as graphs, photographs, video clips etc used in addition to spoken information.


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